I’ve just seen an interesting little snippet about Lumps Fort, Southsea online. Apparently although rebuilt extensively in Victorian times, Lumps Fort dates back to the Middle Ages – around the 1500’s – and was an earthworks fort.
Once you start to look, understanding what you are seeing, the skeletal remains of the fort become more obvious – seen above from the Model Village.
Around the turn of the 20th century to include the Napoleonic Wars, the fort was used as a semaphore relay station – part of a chain that went along to London – allowing messages to get to the capital about any French invasion fleets in just 15 minutes. Quite impressive.
Subsequently, the Admiralty decided to establish a permanent link to Portsmouth around 1820. It was operational from 1822 to 1847 when the railways and electric telegraph provided a better means of communication. This new system followed this route, east of Portsmouth Dockyard:
Admiralty (London) / Chelsea Royal Hospital / Putney Heath / Coombe Warren / Coopers Hill / Chatley Heath / Pewley Hill / Bannicle Hill / Haste Hill (Haslemere) / Holder Hill (Midhurst) / Beacon Hill / Compton Down / Camp Down / Lumps Fort (Southsea) and Portsmouth Dockyard.
Lumps Fort was bought by the council in 1932 and partially dismantled and redesigned as a 1930’s rose garden and a Model Village.
Contributor & Photographer: Sue Lowry
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